domingo, mayo 21, 2017

UN definition of the world

United Nations (2013) "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" (5)

Billions of our citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity. There are rising inequalities within and among countries. There are enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power. Gender inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major concern. Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiralling conflict, violent extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades. Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and small island developing States. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems of the planet, is at risk.

Red Alert as river turns 'puce from pollution' in Arctic (2016) The Siberian Times

lunes, mayo 01, 2017

Qu'est-ce qu'une Nation ?

abbé Sieyes, Qu'est-ce que cle tiers Etat ? (1789)
La nation est un ensemble constitué d'individus libres et égaux, indépendents mais unis par des besoins communs et la volonté de vivre ensemble.

Ernest Renan, Qu'est-ce qu'une Nation ? (1882)
"Plébiscite de tous les jours" 
Cette idée renvoie au thème du contrat social des philosophes du XVIIIème siècle, qui fonde la société : dans l'optique des penseurs de la nation, ce contrat social est remplacé par une sorte de pacte national, fondé sur l'adhésion volontaire à un projet politique commun fondé sur certaines valeurs partagées, qui apparaît comme la seule façon de surmonter les différences socioculturelles des différents individus qui composent cette nation.

La Charette, Louis Le Nain